Relative risks (RRs) of developing hypertension by baseline diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and weight gain in men and women at 18 years of follow up

GroupMen RR (95% CI)Women RR (CI)
*Not significant.
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg 1.01.0
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg1.6 (0.6 to 4.8)* 8.2 (1.5 to 45)
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg 1.1 (0.3 to 3.8)*12 (2.6 to 57)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg2.3 (0.9 to 5.7)* 9.2 (1.8 to 47)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg3.0 (1.2 to 7.2)14 (3.2 to 63)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg3.8 (1.6 to 8.9)28 (8.4 to 96)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg6.9 (3.6 to 13)40 (14 to 111)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg7.7 (3.9 to 15)50 (19 to 132)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg9.1 (4.5 to 17)52 (20 to 137)