Odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) for the association of middle ear disease with behaviour outcomes in young children (adjusted for maternal malaise, sex, and socioeconomic status)

Middle ear disease Report Time Antisocial behaviour Neurotic behaviour Hyperactivity Poor conduct
*Not significant.
Ear discharge Parent 5 y 1.27 (1.07 to 1.52) 1.27 (1.07 to 1.51) 1.29 (1.09 to 1.52) 1.19 (1.0 to 1.42)*
Hearing difficulty Parent 5 y 1.44 (1.18 to 1.76) 1.52 (1.26 to 1.85) 1.56 (1.29 to 1.89) 1.37 (1.12 to 1.67)
Clumsiness
Ear discharge Parent 10 y 1.26 (1.05 to 1.52) 1.26 (1.05 to 1.52) 1.37 (1.15 to 1.64) 1.29 (1.08 to 1.55)
Hearing difficulty Parent 10 y 1.10 (0.87 to 1.38)* 1.40 (1.14 to 1.72) 1.76 (1.45 to 2.14) 1.36 (1.10 to 1.67)
Inattention
Ear discharge Teacher 10 y 1.42 (1.17 to 1.73) 1.10 (0.89 to 1.35)* 1.17 (0.95 to 1.44)* 1.10 (0.90 to 1.36)*
Hearing difficulty Teacher 10 y 1.38 (1.10 to 1.73) 1.25 (0.99 to 1.58)* 1.07 (0.83 to 1.37)* 1.31 (1.04 to 1.64)