Evid Based Nurs doi:10.1136/eb-2014-101917
  • Pain management
  • Quantitative study—other

Health professionals' pain management decisions are influenced by their role (nurse or physician) and by patient gender, age, and ethnicity

  1. Rachel R Hardeman2
  1. 1Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA;
  2. 2Minneapolis VA Health Care System Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research and University of Minnesota, Department of Medicine, Minnesota, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Sean M Phelan, Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St. SE, Rochester, MN 55905, USA; phelan.sean{at}

Commentary on:

Implications for practice and research

  • Healthcare providers from different fields may respond differently to patients with pain. On average, nurses rated pain intensity higher than physicians and were more likely to prescribe opioids.

  • Patient demographic characteristics may influence nurses' and physicians’ perceptions of pain intensity and decisions to treat pain with opioid analgesics.

  • This study must be replicated with a more robust study design before findings can be translated into recommendations for intervention.


A growing body of evidence documents the existence of pain management and treatment disparities by sex, race and age. For instance, racial and …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article