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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Psychosocial and psychological interventions reduce the risk of postnatal depression compared with standard care
  1. Michael W O'Hara
  1. Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Michael W O'Hara, Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, 11 Seashore Hall E, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; mike-ohara{at}uiowa.edu

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Implications for practice and research

  • Interventions that target women ‘at risk’ for postnatal depression are efficacious.

  • The evidence is weak for interventions that target the general population of women.

  • Future research should focus on developing better tools to identify ‘at-risk’ women, improving the efficacy of these and making them more accessible to women in need.

Context

Postpartum depression is a significant mental health problem that impacts not only women, but also their children and families. It is prevalent, affecting up to 19% of women (7% major depression alone) in the first 3 months after delivery.1 A number of efficacious interventions have been developed to treat postpartum depression.2 Despite the availability of effective interventions, women experience considerable suffering prior to the onset …

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