Evid Based Nurs doi:10.1136/eb-2012-100887
  • Health promotion
  • Cohort study

Ideal cardiovascular health in adolescence is associated with reduced risks of hypertension, metabolic syndrome and high cholesterol in adulthood

  1. Sarah M Camhi2
  1. 1Department of Nursing, UMass Boston College of Nursing & Health Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  2. 2Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, UMass Boston College of Nursing & Health Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Laura L Hayman
    Department of Nursing, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, UMass Boston, 100 Morrissey Blvd, Boston, MA 02125-3393, USA; Laura.Hayman{at}

Commentary on: Laitinen TT, Pahkala K, Magnussen CG, et al. Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood and cardiometabolic outcomes in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Circulation 2012;125:1971–8.

Implications for practice and research

  • Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood is important to prevent adverse cardiometabolic outcomes in adulthood.

  • Clinical-based and population-based lifestyle approaches are needed to promote ideal cardiovascular health across the life course.

  • Longitudinal studies of diverse populations are needed to test the utility and generalisability of the American Heart Association (AHA) metrics for ideal cardiovascular health and to guide and inform optimal approaches to achieving ideal cardiovascular health.


Atherosclerotic processes begin early in life and are influenced over time by potentially modifiable behaviours, risk factors and environmental exposures. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has long been …

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