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Randomised controlled trial
Listening to music gives some quality-of-life benefit to older people in a small 4-week trial from Hong Kong
  1. Ruth McCaffrey
  1. Florida Atlantic University, Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Boca Raton, Florida, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Ruth McCaffrey
    777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA; rmccaffr{at}fau.edu

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Implications for nursing practice

  • Music listening may engage and stimulate older adults and increase interest in activities.

  • Music listening may increase relaxation and reduce feelings of anxiety in older adults.

  • Music listening may increase physical as well as mental functioning in older adults.

  • Music listening is a non-invasive safe way that may improve the quality of life in older adults.

  • Patient musical preference plays a role in the ability of music to improve quality of life.

Implications for nursing research

  • Music listening should be studied with a larger sample of older adults and in those of different cultures.

  • Studies that use music listening daily, rather than weekly, to further understand the cumulative effects of music listening on quality of life in older adults should be undertaken.

  • The effects of music listening on physical function in older adults with disabilities and comorbid diseases should be …

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