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Evid Based Nurs 9:77 doi:10.1136/ebn.9.3.77
  • Treatment

Review: secondary prevention programmes with and without exercise reduced all cause mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction


 
 Q In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), what is the effectiveness of secondary prevention programmes with and without exercise components?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Medline, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, SIGLE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (all to 2004); reference lists; and references provided by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and content experts.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that were fully published in English, included a usual care group, and reported outcomes for patients with CAD. Exclusion criteria: single modality interventions (except exercise), inpatients, or interventions not delivered by health professionals. 63 studies met the selection criteria. 45 RCTs included patients after acute myocardial …

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