rss
Evid Based Nurs 9:57 doi:10.1136/ebn.9.2.57
  • Causation

An operational definition of frailty predicted death and other adverse outcomes in older women


 
 Q Does frailty, defined as a combination of 5 simple measures, predict death, hip fracture, activity of daily living (ADL) disability, and hospital admission in older women?

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

cohort study (Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study).

GraphicSetting:

40 clinical centres in the US.

GraphicParticipants:

40 657 postmenopausal women who were 65–79 years of age, did not have Parkinson’s disease, did not take medication for Parkinson’s disease or depression, and were expected to survive and live in the same area for ⩾3 years.

GraphicRisk factors:

frailty, defined as ⩾3 of 5 components: muscle weakness and slow walking speed (<75 out of 100 on the Rand-36 physical function scale; counts as 2 components), exhaustion (<55 out of 100 on the Rand-36 vitality scale), low physical activity (kcal of weekly energy expenditure in the lowest quartile, calculated from a detailed physical activity questionnaire), …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article