Evid Based Nurs 9:41 doi:10.1136/ebn.9.2.41
  • Treatment

Use of 2% lidocaine gel during bladder catheterisation did not reduce procedure related pain in young children

 Q Does 2% lidocaine gel reduce the pain and discomfort of bladder catheterisation in young children?



randomised placebo controlled trial.




blinded (patients, healthcare providers, and {data collectors}*).

GraphicFollow up period:

3–5 minutes after bladder catheterisation.


emergency department in an urban tertiary care facility in Memphis, Tennessee, USA.


115 children <2 years of age (mean age 231 d, 51% boys) who were having diagnostic bladder catheterisation. Exclusion criteria were allergy to lidocaine, altered mental status, unstable status with polytrauma, and toilet trained children.


2% lidocaine gel, 3 ml, (n = 59) or non-anaesthetic lubricant gel (placebo) (n = 56). 1–2 ml of gel was applied to the genital mucosa for 2–3 minutes before catheterisation, and the remainder of the gel was used as …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article