Evid Based Nurs 9:41 doi:10.1136/ebn.9.2.41
  • Treatment

Use of 2% lidocaine gel during bladder catheterisation did not reduce procedure related pain in young children

 Q Does 2% lidocaine gel reduce the pain and discomfort of bladder catheterisation in young children?



randomised placebo controlled trial.




blinded (patients, healthcare providers, and {data collectors}*).

GraphicFollow up period:

3–5 minutes after bladder catheterisation.


emergency department in an urban tertiary care facility in Memphis, Tennessee, USA.


115 children <2 years of age (mean age 231 d, 51% boys) who were having diagnostic bladder catheterisation. Exclusion criteria were allergy to lidocaine, altered mental status, unstable status with polytrauma, and toilet trained children.


2% lidocaine gel, 3 ml, (n = 59) or non-anaesthetic lubricant gel (placebo) (n = 56). 1–2 ml of gel was applied to the genital mucosa for 2–3 minutes before catheterisation, and the remainder of the gel was used as …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article