Evid Based Nurs 8:112 doi:10.1136/ebn.8.4.112
  • Treatment

Review: self monitoring interventions modestly reduce diastolic blood pressure (BP) but do not improve BP control in hypertension

Self monitoring (SM), patient education (PtE), or appointment reminders (ARs) v control (no intervention or usual care) for hypertension*

Outcomes at 8 weeks to 5 years Number of studies (n) Comparison Weighted event rates RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*BP  =  blood pressure; other abbreviations defined in glossary. Weighted event rates, RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article using a fixed effects model.
†Calculated using a random effects model.
Improved BP control 4 (948) SM v control 38% v 41% 8% (−9 to 21) Not significant
5 (530) PtE v control 56% v 63% 12% (0 to 22) Not significant
Patients lost to follow up 6 (1704) ARs v control 14% v 35%† 44% (21 to 60)† 5 (3 to 15)†

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