Evid Based Nurs 8:90 doi:10.1136/ebn.8.3.90
  • Quality improvement

A collaborative quality improvement intervention was effective for promoting use of surfactant therapy in preterm infants

Quality improvement intervention for promoting surfactant therapy in neonatal intensive care units (intervention) v no intervention (control) in preterm infants*

Outcomes Intervention Control RBI (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RBI, RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
Surfactant given in delivery room 55% 18% 200% (176 to 228) 3 (3 to 3)
First dose of surfactant >2 h after birth 9% 25% 62% (57 to 67) 7 (6 to 8)
Mortality before hospital discharge 17.8% 18.2% 2% (−9 to 12) Not significant
Pneumothorax 6.6% 7.4% 11% (−7 to 26) Not significant

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