|Outcomes at 7–60 days||Mechanical bowel preparation||No preparation||RRI (95% CI)||NNH (CI)|
|*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRI, NNH, and CI calculated from odds ratio reported in article (fixed effects model).|
|Anastomotic leakage||5.6%||3.2%||71% (5 to 173)||44 (18 to 638)|
Review: bowel preparation before elective colorectal surgery increases anastomotic leakage more than no preparation
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