Evid Based Nurs 8:73 doi:10.1136/ebn.8.3.73
  • Treatment

Changing a urine collection pad (UCP) every 30 minutes reduced contamination of urine samples more than a UCP kept in the nappy in children with suspected urinary tract infection

 Q Is a urine collection pad (UCP) that is replaced every 30 minutes better than a UCP kept in the nappy (diaper) for reducing bacterial contamination of urine samples to rule out suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) in children?



randomised controlled trial.




blinded (outcome assessors).

GraphicFollow up period:

after collection of urine samples.


2 acute general children’s wards in the UK.


80 febrile children <2 years of age who were admitted to the acute medical ward with suspected UTI.


replacement of the UCP every 30 minutes until urine was passed (replaced UCP) (n = 38) or no replacement of the UCP (single UCP) (n = 42). The child’s perineum was cleaned with soap, and the reusable enuresis alarm sensor (Drinite Audio fx 2000 personal enuresis alarm, Ferraris Medical Ltd, Enfield, UK) was cleaned with an alcohol swab before each use. Wearing gloves, the nurse buried the …

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