Evid Based Nurs 8:19 doi:10.1136/ebn.8.1.19
  • Treatment

Review: enteral nutrition reduces infections, need for surgical intervention, and length of hospital stay more than parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis

Enteral nutrition (EN) v parenteral nutrition (PN) for acute pancreatitis*

Weighted event rates
Outcomes at hospital discharge Number of studies EN PN RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article using a random effects model.
Infections 6 11% 29% 56% (23 to 75) 6 (4 to 12)
Septic complications 6 11% 28% 55% (22 to 74) 6 (4 to 12)
Surgical intervention 4 11% 19% 52% (1 to 77) 12 (6 to 519)
Other non-infectious complications 5 10% 30% 33% (–14 to 60) Not significant
Hospital mortality 6 8% 12% 32% (–38 to 66) Not significant

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