Review: enteral nutrition reduces infections, need for surgical intervention, and length of hospital stay more than parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis
Q What is the efficacy and safety of enteral nutrition (EN) compared with total parenteral nutrition (PN) for patients with acute pancreatitis (AP)?
Medline (1966 to January 2004), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; bibliographies of relevant studies; and experts in the field.
Study selection and assessment:
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared EN with PN in patients admitted to hospital with AP, and included ⩾1 of the outcomes listed below. Methodological quality of individual studies was assessed using the 5 point Jadad composite scale.
infections (pneumonia, abdominal abscess, pancreatic abscess, wound infection, or bloodstream infection), non-infectious …