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Evid Based Nurs 8:19 doi:10.1136/ebn.8.1.19
  • Treatment

Review: enteral nutrition reduces infections, need for surgical intervention, and length of hospital stay more than parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis


 
 Q What is the efficacy and safety of enteral nutrition (EN) compared with total parenteral nutrition (PN) for patients with acute pancreatitis (AP)?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Medline (1966 to January 2004), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; bibliographies of relevant studies; and experts in the field.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared EN with PN in patients admitted to hospital with AP, and included ⩾1 of the outcomes listed below. Methodological quality of individual studies was assessed using the 5 point Jadad composite scale.

GraphicOutcomes:

infections (pneumonia, abdominal abscess, pancreatic abscess, wound infection, or bloodstream infection), non-infectious …

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