Review: prophylactic use of vitamin D reduces falls in older people
Q Is prophylactic use of vitamin D effective for preventing falls in older people?
MEDLINE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (1960 to February 2004), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1991 to February 2004), and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research conference abstracts (1995–2002); bibliographies of relevant studies; and experts in the field.
Study selection and assessment:
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared prophylactic use of any type of vitamin D with a control condition in community dwelling or institutionalised older people (mean age of study participants had to be ⩾60 y) and included a methods section that stated how falls (the outcome) were defined and ascertained. Individual study quality was assessed using specified criteria that included allocation concealment, blinding, and withdrawals.
low trauma falls defined as unintentionally coming to rest on the ground, …