rss
Evid Based Nurs 7:114 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.4.114
  • Treatment

Review: psychological interventions do not reduce all cause or cardiac mortality in coronary heart disease


 
 Q In patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), do psychological interventions (PSIs), particularly stress management training (SMT), reduce mortality and morbidity and improve psychological wellbeing?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Cochrane Controlled Trials register (Issue 4, 2001), Medline (1999–2001), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1998–2001), PsycINFO, and CINAHL (up to 2001); bibliographies of relevant articles; and experts.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) (published in any language) that lasted ⩾6 months and compared non-pharmacological PSIs with usual care or no intervention in adults with CHD.

GraphicOutcomes:

all cause and CHD related mortality; myocardial infarction (MI); revascularisation (coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty); and anxiety and depression (each measured using several different scales).

MAIN RESULTS

36 RCTs (12 841 patients) met the selection criteria. All PSIs. Comparisons included PSIs alone (15 …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article