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Evid Based Nurs 7:109 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.4.109
  • Treatment

Review: psychological interventions reduce glycated haemoglobin concentrations in type 2 diabetes

Psychological interventions v usual care, education, waiting list, or attention control in type 2 diabetes mellitus*

Outcomes at 1–6 months Number of trials (n) Standardised effect size (95% CI) Absolute difference (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary. Results based on a random effects model.
†Not significant.
Glycated haemoglobin 12 (522) −0.32 (−0.57 to –0.07) −0.76% (−1.34 to –0.18)
Blood glucose 8 (314) −0.11 (−0.65 to 0.42)† −0.20 mmol/l (−1.34 to 0.91)†
Body weight 9 (455) 0.37 (−0.18 to 0.93)†
Psychological distress 5 (197) −0.58 (−0.95 to –0.20)

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