Review: brief multicontact behavioural counselling interventions in primary care reduce risky or harmful alcohol use
Q What is the effectiveness of brief behavioural counselling interventions in primary care settings for reducing risky or harmful alcohol consumption in adults?
Medline, Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials, PsycINFO, HealthSTAR, and CINAHL (all from 1994 to February 2003); Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Database of Research Effectiveness (Issues 2 and 3, 2001; Issue 1, 2002); bibliographies of systematic reviews; the 1996 US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations; and experts.
Study selection and assessment:
English language randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-randomised controlled trials, or systematic reviews of participants ⩾12 years of age with risky or harmful alcohol use who received a brief primary care behavioural counselling intervention primarily to reduce alcohol intake. Exclusion criteria included specialty addiction treatment settings, behavioural health department settings, and comorbid patient populations. Study quality was assessed (eg, randomisation, attrition rates, and replacement of missing values in outcome analyses).
alcohol consumption and health outcomes assessed at the …