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Evid Based Nurs 7:90 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.3.90
  • Qualitative

Review: mothers with HIV infection worked hard to protect their children and preserve a positive maternal identity


 
 Q How do women with HIV infection experience motherhood?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

{16 electronic databases; reference lists; and hand searches of Qual Health Res and J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care.}*

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

published and unpublished qualitative studies on women who had HIV infection and lived in the US. Metasummary and metasynthesis techniques were used to synthesise findings across reports.

MAIN RESULTS

56 studies (36 published, 20 unpublished) met the selection criteria. Mother work. Mothers with HIV worked to deal with their illness and its social consequences. They sought to protect their children from HIV infection and HIV related stigma. Tasks included finding information for making decisions; weighing the benefits and costs of disclosing their HIV status; establishing and maintaining the mother-child relationship; coping with the physical aspects of their illness and child care; and grieving the death of HIV positive children. Different factors influenced maternal work: age and HIV status of the child, maternal health status, ethnic/racial and socioeconomic position, maternal temporal orientation, …

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