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Evid Based Nurs 7:79 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.3.79
  • Treatment

Review: patient education interventions improve glycaemic control in adults with diabetes mellitus


 
 Q Do patient education interventions improve glycaemic control in adults with diabetes mellitus?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Medline, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, ERIC, Science Citation Index, PsycINFO, CRISP, and a database on the American Association of Diabetes Educators website (http://www.aadenet.org).

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that were published from 1990–2000 in English, evaluated educational interventions in adult outpatients with diabetes, and reported on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations before and after the intervention and at ⩾12 weeks after the intervention. An educational intervention was defined as any non-pharmacological educational technique that used physical, intellectual, or psychosocial means to improve the health of patients with diabetes.

GraphicOutcomes:

glycaemic control (HbA1c concentrations).

MAIN RESULTS

21 RCTs (28 educational and 21 control interventions) met the selection criteria. 5 studies had >1 intervention group. Study size ranged from 23–320 patients (total 2439 patients). 20 interventions were used in patients with type …

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