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Evid Based Nurs 7:75 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.3.75
  • Treatment

Review: delaying a prescription reduces antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections

Delayed antibiotic prescription (DAP) v immediate antibiotic prescription (IAP) for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs)*

Outcomes RCT (n) URTI DAP IAP RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
†Round off errors result in a point estimate CI.
Consumed the antibiotic A (129) Common cold 48% 89% 46% (31 to 60) 3 (2 to 4)
B (315) Otitis media 24% 98% 75% (68 to 82) 2 (2 to 2)†
Collected the antibiotic C (185) Cough 45% 100% 55% (44 to 64) 2 (2 to 4)
Used the antibiotic D (483) Sore throat 31% 100% 69% (61 to 75) 2 (2 to 2)†

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