rss
Evid Based Nurs 7:74 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.3.74
  • Treatment

Review: antibiotics are moderately effective for acute otitis media in children

Antibiotics v placebo for acute otitis media in children*

Outcomes at ⩽56 days Number of trials (patients) Weighted event rates RRI (95% CI) NNH
Antibiotics Placebo
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; weighted event rates, RRI, RRR, NNH, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article using a fixed effects model.
Pain at ⩽24 hours 3 (717) 38% 37% 2% (−15 to 22) Not significant
RRR (CI) NNT (CI)
Pain at 2–7 days 8 (2287) 15% 22% 30% (19 to 40) 15 (10 to 25)
Recurrence 5 (1669) 22% 22% 0% (−19 to 17) Not significant
RRI (CI) NNH (CI)
Vomiting, diarrhoea, or rash 4 (938) 17% 11% 60 (19 to 116) 17 (10 to 50)

This Article

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article