Evid Based Nurs 7:63 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.2.63
  • Qualitative

Gender, age, religion, and tradition influenced the smoking attitudes and behaviour of Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults

 Q In Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults, what influences smoking attitudes, beliefs, values, and behaviour?


Qualitative study using a community participatory approach.


Community based setting in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


141 participants (62% men) 18–80 years of age, including smokers and non-smokers, were recruited using purposive sampling on the basis of ethnicity, gender, age, smoking status, and occupation. 87 participants (58% men) were Bangladeshi, and 54 (69% men) were Pakistani.


13 bilingual South Asian community researchers (54% women) who had received qualitative research training used a grounded approach to data generation and analysis. 37 participants were involved in indepth semistructured interviews, and 104 participants were involved in 24 focus groups. Interviews and focus groups were based on topic guides that included smoking behaviour, views on what influences smoking, and …

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