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Evid Based Nurs 7:47 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.2.47
  • Treatment

Selective decontamination of the digestive tract reduced intensive care unit and hospital mortality in adults

Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) v standard oropharyngeal care for adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU)*

Outcomes at discharge SDD Standard care RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
†Based on data from 773 of 934 patients.
ICU mortality 15% 23% 35%(15 to 51) 13 (8 to 33)
Hospital mortality 24% 31% 22% (4 to 37) 15 (8 to 83)
Acquired colonisation with ⩾1 resistant strain of gram negative bacteria† 16% 26% 38% (18 to 54) 10 (7 to 23)

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