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Evid Based Nurs 7:46 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.2.46
  • Treatment

A nurse led smoking cessation intervention increased cessation rates after hospital admission for coronary heart disease


 
 Q Is a nurse led, smoking cessation intervention, given individually for more than 5 months, effective in patients admitted to hospital for coronary heart disease?

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

randomised controlled trial.

GraphicAllocation:

{concealed}*.

GraphicBlinding:

blinded {patients and healthcare providers}*.

GraphicFollow up period:

12 months.

GraphicSetting:

cardiac ward of a general hospital in Kristiansand, Norway.

GraphicPatients:

250 patients <76 years of age who were current daily smokers and had been admitted to hospital for myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or coronary bypass surgery. Exclusion criteria: serious illness associated with a short life span, serious psychiatric problems, alcoholism, or dementia. (10 patients were withdrawn after randomisation because of a refuting diagnosis; the remaining 240 patients had a mean age of 57 y, and 76% were men.)

GraphicIntervention:

125 patients were allocated to an intervention …

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