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Evid Based Nurs 7:26 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.1.26
  • Causation

Certain characteristics predicted an early fall for elderly patients in a hospital rehabilitation ward

Odds ratios for various patient characteristics in patients having an early fall*

Comparison groups Patient characteristics Odds ratios (95% CI)
*Early fall  =  a fall occurring within 1 week of admission to a rehabilitation ward.
†Late fall  =  a fall occurring after 1 week of admission to a rehabilitation ward.
Patients having an early fall v other patients Past history of falls 2.91 (1.55 to 5.46)
Confusion 2.99 (1.84 to 4.87)
Unsafe gait 2.86 (1.48 to 5.49)
Lower limb fracture 0.26 (0.08 to 0.85)
High risk for falls by Downton score 4.36 (1.57 to 12.1)
Patients having an early fall v patients having a late fall† Past history of falls 2.22 (1.07 to 4.59)
Lower limb fracture 0.16 (0.04 to 0.55)

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