Review: personalised risk communication may improve uptake of screening tests more than general risk communication
Q Do personalised risk communication (PRC) strategies about participation in health screening programmes increase screening uptake compared with general risk communication (GRC) strategies?
Cochrane Consumers and Communication Review Group specialised register (March 2001), Medline (1985–2001), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1985–2001), CancerLit (1985–2001), CINAHL (1985–2001), ClinPSYC (1989–2001), and Science Citation Index Expanded (March 2002); and hand searches of bibliographies of key publications, journals, and authors.
Study selection and assessment:
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that included participants facing real life decisions about whether to be screened (an investigation done by a health professional); compared PRC with GRC; and assessed cognitive, affective, behavioural, health status, or economic outcomes. Exclusion criteria: studies of mass communication or military, school, or prison interventions. Quality of individual studies was assessed using the Jadad scale and a second method score.
uptake of screening …