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Evid Based Nurs 7:11 doi:10.1136/ebn.7.1.11
  • Treatment

Review: HIV risk reduction interventions reduce some HIV risk behaviours in adolescents

HIV risk reduction interventions v comparison conditions for adolescents*

Outcomes at mean 14 weeks (number of comparisons) Mean effect size (95% CI) Odds ratio (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary.
†Not significant.
Communication with a partner (8) 0.27 (0.19 to 0.36) 1.64 (1.40 to 1.93)
Condom use negotiation skills (11) 0.50 (0.41 to 0.59) 2.47 (2.09 to 2.92)
Condom use skills (3) 0.30 (0.09 to 0.51) 1.72 (1.18 to 2.53)
Condom use (42) 0.07 (0.03 to 0.11) 1.13 (1.06 to 1.21)
Sexual frequency (38) 0.05 (0.02 to 0.09) 1.10 (1.04 to 1.17)
Acquired condoms or spermicide (6) 0.13 (−0.01 to 0.26)† 1.25 (0.98 to 1.60)†
Diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease other than HIV (5) 0.03 (−0.04 to 0.11)† 1.06 (0.93 to 1.22)†

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