Evid Based Nurs 6:124 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.4.124
  • Qualitative

Individuals taking combination therapies for HIV or AIDS faced barriers to remaining in, or returning to work

 QUESTION: What are the labour force experiences of people living with HIV or AIDS who are taking combination therapies?


Qualitative description.


Windsor and Essex County region of Ontario, Canada.


35 people ≥18 years of age (89% men) who had tested positive for HIV, were taking combination therapies, and lived in or received AIDS services in Essex County were identified by the local HIV Care Program and AIDS Service Organization. Two thirds of participants were 30–39 years of age. Participants had been aware of their HIV positive status for <2 to >5 years.


Individual, semistructured, indepth interviews were done between 1999 and 2000. Open ended questions addressed areas including treatment patterns, taking medications, symptom management strategies, work activities, relationships, life changes, and future plans. Interviews generally lasted 1–1.5 hours. Data analysis involved identifying clusters of participants by comparable illness and labour force experiences, linking medical indicators with illness experiences, and placing labour …

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