Evid Based Nurs 6:116 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.4.116
  • Treatment

Resistance exercises or vitamin D did not improve physical health or reduce falls in frail older people

Resistance exercise v attention control and vitamin D v placebo in frail older people*

Outcomes Comparison Score Mean difference (95% CI)
Mean physical component score of 36 item short form questionnaire at 3 months Resistance v control 34 v 35 −1 (−4 to 1)
Vitamin D v placebo 35 v 35 0 (−2 to 3)
Event rates RRR (CI) NNT
Resistance v control 54% v 58% 7.9% (−16 to 27) Not significant
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, RRI, NNT, NNH, and CI calculated from data in article.
Proportion of people who fell over 6 months Vitamin D v placebo 59% v 53% 13% (−11 to 43) Not significant

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