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Evid Based Nurs 6:113 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.4.113
  • Treatment

Oral vitamin D3 supplementation reduced fractures in community dwelling elderly people

Oral vitamin D3 supplementation v placebo in community dwelling elderly people at 5 years*

Outcomes Vitamin D3 Placebo RRR (95% CI)† NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
†Adjusted for age.
Fractures (any site) 8.8% 11.1% 22% (1 to 39) 44 (25 to 964)
Fractures (hip, wrist, forearm, or vertebrae) 4.5% 6.5% 33% (7 to 52) 29 (18 to 135)
All cause mortality 16.7% 18.4% 22% (−6 to 26) Not significant

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