Evid Based Nurs 6:112 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.4.112
  • Treatment

Review: several interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia in critically ill patients

 QUESTION: Which interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients?

Data sources

English language studies were identified by searching Medline (1966–2001) and the Cochrane Library, and by reviewing bibliographies of retrieved articles.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or observational cohort controlled trials.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on study design, intervention, and outcomes.

Main results

34 studies met the selection criteria. Meta-analysis was not done because of study variations in the diagnostic criteria for pneumonia. Results are summarised in the table.

View this table:

Effectiveness of interventions for preventing ventilator associated pneumonia …

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