Review: several interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia in critically ill patients
QUESTION: Which interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients?
English language studies were identified by searching Medline (1966–2001) and the Cochrane Library, and by reviewing bibliographies of retrieved articles.
Studies were selected if they were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or observational cohort controlled trials.
Data were extracted on study design, intervention, and outcomes.
34 studies met the selection criteria. Meta-analysis was not done because of study variations in the diagnostic criteria for pneumonia. Results are summarised in the table.