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Evid Based Nurs 6:106 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.4.106
  • Treatment

Review: self management education improves outcomes in children and adolescents with asthma

Self management educational interventions v usual care in children and adolescents with asthma*

Outcomes at 1–12 months Number of RCTs (n) Standardised mean difference (95% CI)
*RCTs = randomised controlled trials. CI defined in glossary.
†Not statistically significant.
Lung function 2 (106) 0.59 (0.20 to 0.99)
Self efficacy scale 5 (256) 0.33 (0.08 to 0.58)
Days absent from school 12 (1388) −0.13 (−0.23 to −0.02)
Emergency department visits 9 (932) −0.23 (−0.36 to −0.09)
Days of restricted activity 4 (290) −0.20 (−0.43 to 0.04)†
Nights disturbed by asthma 2 (139) −0.11 (−0.45 to 0.23)†
Asthma severity scale 3 (170) −0.05 (−0.35 to 0.26)†
Number of exacerbations 3 (249) −0.12 (−0.37 to 0.13)†
General practitioner visits 6 (619) −0.15 (−0.31 to 0.01)†

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