|Outcomes||Coping style(number of studies)||Results|
|Survival||Fighting spirit (10)||2 small studies reported longer survival|
|Helplessness/hopelessness (12)||2 small studies reported reduced survival|
|Avoidance (10)||No significant associations reported|
|Denial (5)||1 small study reported reduced survival|
|Stoic acceptance and fatalism (9)||4 high quality studies reported no association|
|Anxious or depressive (10)||2 studies reported reduced survival|
|Active or problem focused (8)||1 study reported longer survival up to 7 years|
|Emotional factors (eg, suppression) (6)||1 high quality study reported longer survival|
|Recurrence||Fighting spirit (4)||3 small studies reported reduced risk of recurrence|
|Helplessness/hopelessness (5)||Findings were inconsistent|
|Avoidance or denial (8)||1 small study reported increased risk of recurrence|
|Stoic acceptance and fatalism (4)||4 studies reported no association|
|Anxious or depressive (10)||No significant associations reported|
|Active or problem focused (8)||No significant associations reported|
Review: limited evidence exists on the effect of psychological coping styles on cancer survival or recurrence
This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>
EBN Journal Chat
The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries
from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).
How to participate >>
Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.