Evid Based Nurs 6:88 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.3.88
  • Prognosis

Review: limited evidence exists on the effect of psychological coping styles on cancer survival or recurrence

Association between psychological coping styles and outcomes (survival and recurrence) at 8 weeks to 15 years in patients with cancer

Outcomes Coping style(number of studies) Results
Survival Fighting spirit (10) 2 small studies reported longer survival
Helplessness/hopelessness (12) 2 small studies reported reduced survival
Avoidance (10) No significant associations reported
Denial (5) 1 small study reported reduced survival
Stoic acceptance and fatalism (9) 4 high quality studies reported no association
Anxious or depressive (10) 2 studies reported reduced survival
Active or problem focused (8) 1 study reported longer survival up to 7 years
Emotional factors (eg, suppression) (6) 1 high quality study reported longer survival
Recurrence Fighting spirit (4) 3 small studies reported reduced risk of recurrence
Helplessness/hopelessness (5) Findings were inconsistent
Avoidance or denial (8) 1 small study reported increased risk of recurrence
Stoic acceptance and fatalism (4) 4 studies reported no association
Anxious or depressive (10) No significant associations reported
Active or problem focused (8) No significant associations reported

This Article

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article