Evid Based Nurs 6:87 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.3.87
  • Treatment

Behavioural training plus biofeedback or verbal feedback did not differ from self administered behavioural training in urge incontinence

Behavioural training plus biofeedback or verbal feedback v self administered behavioural treatment (self help) in older women with urge incontinence at 10 weeks*

Outcomes Biofeedback Verbal feedback Self help p Value†
*SD = standard deviation.
†Differences between groups are not statistically significant (analysis of covariance with bladder capacity as the covariate).
Mean (SD) percent reduction from baseline in frequency of incontinence episodes 63.1 (42.7) 69.4 (32.7) 58.6 (38.8) 0.23

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