Evid Based Nurs 6:56 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.2.56
  • Quality improvement

Local warming of the hand and lower arm improved successful peripheral venous cannulation and reduced insertion time

Active warming v passive warming before insertion of peripheral venous cannulas (neurosurgical patients only)*

Outcome Active warming Passive warming RBI (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RBI, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
Successful insertions on first attempts 94% 72% 31% (10 to 62) 5 (3 to 13)

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