|Outcome||Active warming||Passive warming||RBI (95% CI)||NNT (CI)|
|*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RBI, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.|
|Successful insertions on first attempts||94%||72%||31% (10 to 62)||5 (3 to 13)|
- Quality improvement
Local warming of the hand and lower arm improved successful peripheral venous cannulation and reduced insertion time
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