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Evid Based Nurs 6:50 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.2.50
  • Treatment

Review: exercise reduces bone loss from the spine in postmenopausal women

Exercise (aerobic, aerobics and weight bearing, resistance, and walking) v control (usual activity with or without drug consumption) for percent change in bone mineral density in postmenopausal women at 1–2 years*

Comparisons Site measured NRCTs (number of participants) Weighted mean difference (95 % CI)
*AWB = aerobics and weight bearing; NRCTs = number of randomised controlled trials. CI defined in glossary.
†Difference favours exercise.
‡Meta-analyses done using a random effects model.
AWB exercise v control Spine 8 (336) 1.79 (0.58 to 3.01)†‡
Hip 5 (287) 0.68 (−1.18 to 2.53)‡
Wrist 3 (160) 0.09 (−1.15 to 1.33)‡
Aerobic exercise v control Spine 7 (375) 0.83 (0.08 to 1.58)†
Hip 5 (335) −0.07 (−1.18 to 1.03)
Wrist 2 (186) 1.22 (0.71 to 1.74)†
Resistance exercise v control Spine 2 (57) 2.50 (0.44 to 4.57)†
Hip 3 (108) 0.41 (−0.85 to 1.67)
Wrist 1 (42) −0.28 (−3.21 to 2.65)
Walking exercise v control Spine 3 (156) 1.31 (−0.03 to 2.65)

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