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Evid Based Nurs 6:47 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.2.47
  • Treatment

Supplementation with key nutrients reduced postoperative infections and length of hospital stay after gastrointestinal surgery

Preoperative supplementation (PSUP) or PSUP plus postoperative enteral nutrition (POEN) v conventional treatment (COTR) in surgery for gastrointestinal cancer at 30 days after hospital discharge*

Outcomes Comparison Rate RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
Patients with infectious complications PSUP v COTR 14% v 30% 54% (21 to 74) 6 (4 to 19)
POEN v COTR 16% v 30% 48% (12 to 70) 7 (4 to 34)
PSUP v POEN 14% v 16% 13% (−66 to 55) Not significant
Mean Mean difference (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
†Significant differences favour PSUP and POEN.
Length of hospital stay (days) PSUP v COTR 11.6 v 14.0 2.4 (0.6 to 4.2)†
POEN v COTR 12.2 v 14.0 1.8 (0.1 to 3.5)†
PSUP v POEN 11.6 v 12.2 0.6 (−0.6 to 1.8)

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