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Evid Based Nurs 6:41 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.2.41
  • Treatment

High frequency oscillatory ventilation was not more effective than conventional ventilation in preterm infants

High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) v conventional ventilation (CV) in newborns who were 23–28 weeks gestational age*

Outcomes at 36 weeks gestational age HFOV CV RRR (95% CI) NNT
Death or chronic lung disease 66% 68% 1.9% (−8.2 to 11) Not significant
Death 25% 26% 5.5% (−20 to 25) Not significant
RRI (CI) NNH
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, RRI, NNT, NNH, and CI calculated from data in article.
Chronic lung disease 41.3% 41.0% 0.5% (−15 to 19) Not significant

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