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Evid Based Nurs 6:25 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.1.25
  • Prognosis

Functional neurological deficit increased the risk of death in childhood epilepsy

Association between all cause mortality and prognostic factors in children with epilepsy*

Prognostic factor Comparison Univariate RR (95% CI) Multivariate RR (CI)†
*SG = secondary generalised epilepsy; SND = severe neurological disorder. RR and CI defined in glossary. †Multivariate RRs are adjusted for other prognostic factors.
Sex Girl v boy 1.5 (0.7 to 3.2) 1.3 (0.6 to 2.9)
Age at onset (y) 1-5 v 0 0.9 (0.3 to 1.5) 1.5 (0.6 to 3.9)
6-16 v 0 0.3 (0.1 to 0.8) 1.7 (0.5 to 6.1)
Epilepsy type Generalised or partial SG v SG 0.2 (0.1 to 0.5) 0.7 (0.3 to 1.7)
Absence v SG 0.1 (0.0 to 0.6) 0.8 (0.1 to 8.1)
Neurological disorder SND v none 22.2 (8.3 to 59.2) 22.0 (7.0 to 69.7)

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