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Evid Based Nurs 6:17 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.1.17
  • Treatment

Treatment of scalp lacerations with a hair apposition technique reduced scarring, pain, and procedure duration compared with suturing


 
 QUESTION: Is a new technique of treating scalp lacerations (the hair apposition technique [HAT]) as effective as standard suturing for wound healing, complications, and pain?

Design

Randomised (allocation concealed), unblinded, controlled trial with follow up at 1 week.

Setting

The emergency departments (EDs) of 2 tertiary care hospitals in Singapore.

Patients

189 patients of any age (mean age 32 y, 74% men) with linear non-stellate lacerations of the scalp that were <10 cm in length and with scalp hair >3 cm in length. Exclusion criteria were severely contaminated wounds, actively bleeding wounds that did not stop bleeding after ≥5 minutes of applied pressure, and unstable vital signs or neurological status requiring priority resuscitation. 188 patients (99%) were included in the analysis.

Intervention

96 patients were allocated to the HAT. Wounds were cleansed according to standard procedure, and no local anaesthetics were given. The wound was closed by bringing together the hair on both sides of the wound and making a single twist; no actual knot was made. The twist …

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