Evid Based Nurs 6:11 doi:10.1136/ebn.6.1.11
  • Treatment

Review: extended stimulant medication is effective in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

 QUESTION: In children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments of ≥12 weeks duration effective?

Data sources

Studies were identified by searching Medline, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, PsycINFO, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, the Cochrane Library, reference lists, and personal files.

Study selection

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating treatment for ≥12 weeks in children with ADHD were selected if they were full reports published in any language in peer reviewed journals.

Data extraction

2 reviewers independently extracted data on each of the treatment groups, tests used in each study, and outcomes (behaviour symptoms, academic performance, social behaviour, and internalising symptoms). Differences were resolved by consensus. The quality of study methods was assessed (minimum score 0, maximum score 5).

Main results

14 RCTs (1379 participants, 42% in 1 RCT) met the selection criteria. The quality of study methods was low (mean quality score 2.3 out of 5). Behaviour symptoms: methylphenidate was superior to placebo in 4 of …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article