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Evid Based Nurs 5:88 doi:10.1136/ebn.5.3.88
  • Treatment

Enteral nutrition reduced postoperative complications but increased minor adverse effects in gastrointestinal cancer

Enteral nutrition (EN) v parenteral nutrition (PN) for malnourished patients having surgery for gastrointestinal cancer†

Outcomes at discharge EN PN RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
Overall postoperative complications 34% 49% 31% (10 to 48) 7 (4 to 22)
RRI (CI) NNH (CI)
Adverse events 35% 14% 153% (64 to 294) 5 (4 to 9)
Mean difference (95% CI)
Abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, RRI, NNT, NNH, mean difference, and CI calculated from data in article.
Mean length of postoperative stay (d) 13.4 15.0 1.6 (0.5 to 2.7)

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