rss
Evid Based Nurs 5:76 doi:10.1136/ebn.5.3.76
  • Treatment

Review: behavioural interventions plus laxatives are effective for defecation disorders in children, but biofeedback does not add benefit

Unsuccessful rates for cognitive, behavioural, or cognitive and behavioural interventions for defecation disorders in children*

Comparisons Follow up Weighted event rates RRI (95% CI) NNH (CI)
Conv + biofeed v conv 12 months 52% v 45% 16% (–4 to 40) Not significant
18 months 52% v 46% 15% (–11 to 48) Not significant
Biofeed + lax v biofeed 12 weeks 91% v 56%† 63% (16 to 149) 3 (2 to 10)
12 months 91% v 64%† 43% (5 to 108) 4 (3 to 28)
RRR (CI) NNT (CI)
*Biofeed = biofeedback; BM = behavioural modifications; conv = conventional treatment (laxatives, dietary advice, and toilet training); lax = laxatives. Other abbreviations defined in glossary; RRI, RRR, NNH, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
†Event rates not weighted.
BM + lax v BM 6 months 43% v 60% 28% (5 to 46) 6 (4 to 28)
12 months 36% v 52% 30% (3 to 49) 7 (4 to 48)
BM + lax v lax Not reported 15% v 55%† 73% (36 to 90) 3 (2 to 7)

This Article

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article