Review: several techniques optimise oxygenation during suctioning of patients
QUESTION: Which methods or techniques optimise benefits and reduce complications when suctioning the airways of intubated, non-intubated, or tracheotomised patients?
Published, English language studies were identified by searching Medline (1966–98), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1974–96), and CINAHL (1982–97) using the search terms trachea, pharynx, tracheostomy, suction, artificial airway, inflation, and endotracheal, and by searching the Cochrane Library. Bibliographies of retrieved studies were reviewed.
Studies were included if they were randomised controlled trials (RCTs), randomised or non-randomised crossover studies, cohort studies, case series, or animal studies (only used to identify adverse effects of suctioning; not used in …