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Evid Based Nurs 5:16 doi:10.1136/ebn.5.1.16
  • Treatment

Listening to music during ambulatory ophthalmic surgery reduced blood pressure, heart rate, and perceived stress

Music v no music for elderly patients having ambulatory ophthalmic surgery*

Mean rate
Outcomes Time of assessment Music No music Mean difference (95% CI)
*Mean difference and CI calculated from data in article.
Heart rate (beats/min) Before surgery 74 81 7 (1.6 to 12.4)
During surgery 70 82 12 (7.2 to 16.8)
After surgery 68 78 10 (5.3 to 14.7)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) Before surgery 132 152 20 (13.3 to 26.7)
During surgery 128 156 28 (21.5 to 34.5)
After surgery 123 141 18 (10.1 to 25.9)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) Before surgery 85 90 5 (1.7 to 8.3)
During surgery 82 91 9 (6.1 to 11.9)
After surgery 68 75 7 (4.4 to 9.6)

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