Evid Based Nurs 5:16 doi:10.1136/ebn.5.1.16
  • Treatment

Listening to music during ambulatory ophthalmic surgery reduced blood pressure, heart rate, and perceived stress

 QUESTION: Does listening to self selected music during ambulatory ophthalmic surgery reduce blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and perceived levels of stress in elderly patients?


Cluster randomised (unclear allocation concealment), unblinded, controlled trial with follow up to the postoperative period.


A university medical centre in Buffalo, New York, USA.


40 patients who were 51–88 years of age (mean age 76 y, 75% women) and were having ophthalmic surgery (all but 2 were having surgery for removal of cataracts). 21 patients had drug controlled hypertension, and drug treatment was not discontinued on the day of surgery. Follow up was complete.


Surgeons (n=2) were allocated to music (20 patients) or no music (20 patients). Patients in the music group were given stereo headphones, a cassette player, and a choice of …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article