Evid Based Nurs 4:116 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.4.116
  • Treatment

Review: pelvic floor muscle training is effective for stress or mixed urinary incontinence in women

Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) v no treatment (NT) or placebo (Pl) for urinary incontinence in women*

Outcomes (number of studies) Comparisons Weighted event rates RBI (95% CI) NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RBI, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article. Follow up durations varied between studies and were not reported.
Self reported cure (2) PFMT v NT 16% v 2% 625% (99 to 2549) 7 (5 to 14)
Self reported cure or improvement (2) PFMT v NT 80% v 3% 2204% (656 to 6922) 1.3 (1.2 to 1.5)
Self reported cure (2) PFMT v Pl 33% v 10% 212% (56 to 523) 4 (3 to 9)
Self reported cure or improvement (3) PFMT v Pl 80% v 52% 53% (26 to 87) 4 (3 to 6)
Self reported cure (3) Intensive v standard PFMT 38% v 25% 47% (17 to 84) 8 (5 to 20)

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